Diabetes mellitus is a several set of disorders that impact your body’s ability to use blood sugar (glucose). Because glucose is the major source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues, it is essential to your health. It’s also your brain’s principal source of fuel.
The Causes Of Diabetes differ by the type of diabetes you are suffering from. However, regardless of the type of diabetes, it can cause an excess of sugar in your blood. Blood sugar levels that are too high can cause major health issues.
Symptoms of diabetes:
Despite of their type, diabetes often poses same symptoms in an individual. Symptoms of diabetes include:
- Increased thirst and urination
- Increased hunger
- Blurred vision
- Sores that do not get heal quickly
- Unexplained weight loss
Types of diabetes
- Type 1 diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction. This means that your immune system assaults and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in your pancreas. The harm is irreversible. It’s unclear what’s causing the attacks. There could be hereditary as well as environmental factors at play. There is no evidence that lifestyle variables play an impact on our glucose levels thus causing type1 diabetes.
Its most commonly found in children and young adults (but can develop at any age). It used to be called “juvenile” diabetes. People with Type 1 diabetes must take insulin on a daily basis. It’s also known as insulin-dependent diabetes because of this.
- Type 2 diabetes:
Adherence to take Insulin is the first symptom of type 2 diabetes. This shows that your body is unable to take most of the insulin effectively. Our pancreas is stimulated to generate more insulin until it can no longer meet demand. Insulin production declines, thus causing elevated blood sugar levels.
Causes of type 2 diabetes are unknown, however the possible factors that play an important role in leading to type 2 Diabetes is:
- Obesity due to heredity and a lack of exercise
- Other health and environmental factors may also be at play.
- Gestational Diabetes
The placenta generates hormones during your pregnancy to help you maintain your pregnancy going and as a result insulin resistance is increased in your cells due to these chemicals. Our pancreas normally reacts by producing enough additional insulin to overcome this resistance. However, your pancreas can’t always keep up. When this happens, too little glucose enters your cells while too much remains in your blood, causing gestational diabetes.
What actually happens when we have type 1 or type 2 diabetes?
If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, you have the same health problem: too much glucose (a form of sugar) in your blood. This is true for both types of people. However, the manner in which it occurs differs.
In case of type 1 diabetes, you have an autoimmune disease. This depicts that your body has attacked and damaged cells that produce the hormone insulin to control the level of sugar in your body. Hence, you are no longer able to produce insulin. In this situation, you must take insulin on a daily basis that is normally given through an injection.
Insulin is must needed for the transport of glucose from the bloodstream to the cells of the body. This glucose is subsequently converted into energy. The glucose level in your blood rises too high if you don’t take insulin.
Type 2 diabetes is not the same as type 1 diabetes. If you have type 2 diabetes, your body either doesn’t produce enough insulin or your insulin doesn’t act properly.
Early detection of diabetes symptoms can help a person acquire a prompt diagnosis and begin treatment. This aids in the prevention of diabetes complications, which can be life-threatening.
Anyone who suspects they may have diabetes should seek medical advice.